Command and Prohibition

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Study this follwing example:

Don’t go away!
Do not let you down!
Don’t forget!
Don’t leave me alone!
Don’t cry, babe!

All sentences above are called “Prohibition” because they describe how to forbide someone else to do something. So, it differs from the command expression which asks someone else to do something.

There are two kinds of pattern in this lesson, they are:

1. Verbal Prohibition, and
2. Nominal Prohibition

Verbal prohibition is a sentence of prohibition which uses lexical-meaning-verb inside. To express the prohibition we should combine the word /do not/ or /don’t/ before the verb.

For examples:

Don’t lie to me!
Don’t blame me!
Don’t try to touch me!
Don’t stop trying!
Don’t make yourself stupid!

Nominal prohibition is a sentence of prohibition which uses /BE/ after /Do not/ or /don’t/. after that you have to place a complement in the end.

For examples:

Don’t be jealous!
Don’t be lazy!
Don’t be Careless!
Don’t be crazy!
Don’t be a fool!
Don;t be bad guy!

To make them more polite, place the word /please/ in the beginning or in the end of the sentence.

For examples:
Please
don’t go!
Don’t go, please!

or,

Please don’t be a liar!
Don’t be a liar, please!

Those patterns are the fixed rule that should be obeyed as a pure pattern in English. Besides, you can also express the prohibition by using /no/ instead of /don’t/ or /do not/. Then, change the verb into -ing form verb (Here, the ing-form is called “Gerund” which will be posted in this blog as soon as possible).

For examples:

No smoking!
No
kidding!

No climbing!, etc.

To express heavy prohibition you can also use the word /musn’t/ in a simple sentence.

For examples:

You musn’t be late, linda!
You musn’t stop singing!

Take notice that all sentences will be said or called like that when the sentence contains, at least, one subject and one verb. what about the command or prohibition?

Let me explain you that command or prohibition expressions have a subject, that is, /YOU/.

For examples:
(You) get out!
(You) don’t copy!
(You) be easy!
(You) don’t be noisy!

All commands or prohibitions use the subject /you/. It is impossible to forbide or ask someone to do something when the subject is not /you/.

They come here! (False)

or,

She don’t take him away! (False)

Because the subject of command or prohibition is always /you/. The subject is understandable or understood in usage. For this, /you/ is omitted. However, when the omission is set, and when someone uses /you/ in the command or prohibition, the use or /you/ creates an emphasized command or urgent prohibition.
ADDITION:

You can use “Ever” or “Never” in prohibition pattern.

For examples:
Don’t ever
come here anymore!

or,
Never come back here anymore!

All sentences above are similar, the differences are in the expression /don’t ever/ which is substituted to /never/ (without /don’t/). These expression are heavy prohibition.
PRACTISE IT!

Now’s time to practise the prohibition.

Step-1 : Make a full and good prohibition (either in verbal or in Nominal pattern)

Example:

Be self-confident!

Step-2 : Combine the Prohibition with command.

Example:

Don’t blame yourself and be self-confident!

Step-3 : Combine the step-2’s sentence with the simple sentence.

Example:

I tell you, linda … please be self-confident and don’t blame yourself!

Note : The order of each sentences depend on the context.

After that, try to speak it out and creates a new and full sentence like above.
Good luck!

Command and Request
Biasanya dalam bahasa kita menyuruh atau memerintah untuk berbuat sesuatu yang biasa disebut dengan kalimat Perintah/permintaan (Command and Request).
Kata-kata” suruhan ituh ditambah dengan “lah” dan diakhiri dengan tanda seru (!)seumpama “Duduklah!” atau “Pergilah!“.

Didalam bahasa Inggris, kata “lah” itu tidak ada. Jadi kalau kita hendak menyuruh seseorang berbuat sesuatu, hanya verb saja yang diletakkan di depan kalimat maka dengan sendirinya sudah bertambah arti “lah” dalam kalimat tersebut.

Misalnya:
Come here! Artinya marilah ke sini!
Try to speak English! Artinya cobalah berbicara bahasa Inggris!
Study diligently! Artinya belajarlah dengan rajin!
Apabila kalimatnya bukan kata kerja (verb), maka pakailah “be” di depan kalimat karena be itu adalah verb. Tapi be ini tidak ada artinya/terjemahannya.

Misalnya :
Be good to her! Artinya baik-baiklah kepadanya!
Be diligent! Artinya Rajin-rajinlah!
Be careful! Artinya hati-hatilah!

Prohibition
Do not boleh dipendekkan jadi “don’t” yang artinya “jangan” kalau dileatkkan di depan kalimat.
Misalnya:
Do not come here! Artinya jangan datang kemari!
Don’t look at it! Artinya jangan lihat itu!
Don’t forget your lesson! Artinya jangan lupakan pelajaranmu itu!
Do not go there! Artinya jangan pergi ke sana!
Jadi jangan pake “good” saja atau “good good“. Karena kalimat Command and Request ini tidak ada “verb“-nya, maka “be“-lah yang menjadi wakil “verb“.
Contoh:
Don’t be lazy! = Jangan malas!
Don’t be stupid! = Jangan bodoh!
Don’t be careless = Jangan lalai!
Don’t be ashamed = Jangan malu!
Akan tetapi kalau sesudah be itu ada kata benda atau nama orang maka arti be itu adalah jadi/menjadi, misalnya:
Be a teacher! = Jadilah guru!
Be a president! = Jadilah presiden!
Don’t be a corruptor! = Jangan jadi koruptor!
Don’t be a traitor = Jangan jadi pengkhianat!
Be an honest man = Jadi orang jujurlah!

prohibition

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